1. News & Issues

The Palestinian-Israeli conflict from its origins to the present

Learn about the main issues dividing Israelis and Palestinians, the West Bank and Gaza, the peace process and human rights in the Holy Land.

UN Recognition of Palestine in 2012: Analysis
What did the UN recognition of Palestinian authority as a “non-member state” mean for Palestine’s international status? Was it a serious setback for Israel or just a symbolic event?

Why Palestinian Statehood Is Necessary
Palestinian statehood through the United Nations is overdue in light of American inaction and the continued intransigence of Benjamin Netanyahu.

Should Palestinians Declare Their Own State?
Palestinians are seeking full-state status at the United Nations in a move the United States will block, and that Israel opposes. Do Palestinians deserve their own state? You decide.

Fact-Checking Rick Perry on the Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process
Rick Perry's facts on Israel, Palestinians, statehood and the Palestinian-Israeli peace process leave a lot to be desired. Here's a line-item corrective.

Obama-Netanyahu, Round 3: Pyrrhic Draw
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is not budging from a course that can only end in disaster for all sides in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

The Peres Center for Peace
Brief description and history of Israel's Peres Center for Peace, established in 1996 by former prime minister and Nobel laureate Shimon Peres.

What Is the Goldstone Report?
The UN Human Rights Council's Goldstone Report on abuses in Gaza and the Occcupied Territories: Origins and Consequences.

Gilad Shalit Timeline
Timeline of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit's capture, imprisonment and negotiations for release (2006-2009)

Why Not Negotiate With Hamas?
Terrorist movement or liberation organization, isn't it time to negotiate with Hamas?

Operation Cast Lead
Brief definition and history of Operation cast Lead, Israel's assault on Gaza (Dec. 27, 2008-Jan. 18, 2009)

Defence for Children International / Palestine Section
Defence for Children International-Palestine Section is dedicated to promoting and protecting the rights of Palestinian children in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

Was Netanyahu's Offer of a Palestinian "State" Honest?
Benjamin Netanyahu proposed in June 2009 that Palestinians may have their own state, but set the bar so high that he is inviting rejection. Is that honest?

Analysis: Netanyahu's 2009 Proposal for a Palestinian "State"
An Analysis of the June 14, 2009 Speech at Bar Ilan University by Benjamin Netanyahu on the Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process: Forcing the Arabs and Palestinians to reject it.

Netanyahu, Jerusalem and the Dome of the Rock
Benjamin Netanyahu and Jerusalem Day: Using the rhetoric of an undivided city to further divide Palestinians and Israelis over the Tenple Mount and the Dome of the Rock.

Dunam or Dunum
Definition of Dunam, or Dunum, the measure of landholdings in the Ottoman Empire and Palestine/Israel.

Mossad's Tunis Assassination of the PLO's "Abu Jihad"
Background, details and consequences of the Mossad's assassination of the PLO's Abu Jihad, or Khalil al-Wazir, in Tunis on April 16, 1988

The Deir Yassin Masssacre of 1948
Facts, Memories and Consequences of the Deir Yassin Masssacre of 1948 by Irgun and Stern Gang militants against the mostly civilian population of the Palestinian village on the outskirts of Jerusalem.

What Is Israel's Peace Now?
Description and brief history of Peace Now, one of Israel's largest non-governmental and human rights organizations working for a two-state solution and a resolution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Origins of Peace Now Movement: Soldiers' 1978 Open Letter to Menahem Begin
In March 1978, in the wake of Israel's invasion of Lebanon, 348 Israeli soldiers and reservists urged Israeli Prime Minister Menahem Begin to choose peace with Arabs over "Greater Israel." The letter was at the origin of the Peace Now movement.

A Palestinian Youth Orchestra Is Disbanded Over a Holocaust Concert
In Jenin, in the Palestinian Territories of the Occupied West Bank, a Palestinian youth string orchestra led by Wafa Younis and called Strings for Freedom is disbanded when Palestinian politicos object to a Holocaust concert the group participated in.

Open Letter Calli ng for Investigation of Abuses of Law in 2009 Gaza War
In an open letter to the United Nations Secretary General, investigators and judges called for a full international investigation into alleged abuses of international law during the 22-day Gaza war.

Who's Who in Israel's 2009 Election for Prime Minister
Who's Who in Israel's 2009 Election for Prime Minister, from Benjamin Netanyahu to Tzipi Livni to Ehud Barak to Avigdor Lieberman.

How Israel Helped to Spawn Hamas
Beginning in the 1970s, Israel helped to spawn Hamas in Gaza in an attempt to counterbalance the influence of Fatah and the Palestine Liberation Organization. The gamble failed.

Protesting Israel's Assault on Gaza: An Eyewitness Account
An eyewitness account of Egyptian protests over the Israeli assault on Hamas in Gaza--and the Egyptian government's repression of those protests.

1967: Charles De Gaulle Condemns Israel's Occupation of Arab Territories
In a November 1967 news conference, French President Charles de Gaulle condemned Israel's expansionist wars and occupation of Arab territories and predicted an unsustainable occupation.

President Bill Clinton's Eulogy at Yitzhak Rabin's Funeral, Nov. 6, 1995
An earnestly shaken President Clinton delivered these words at Mt. Herzl cemetery in Jerusalem at Yitzhak Rabin's funeral on Nov. 6, 1995, following Rabin's assassination two days earlier.

Profile: Israel's Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995)
Profile of Israel's Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995), who led Israel militarily and politically and brokered its first recognition of Palestinian autonomy in 1994.

Profile: Rashid Khalidi, Scholar and Rare Voice for Palestinian History
Profile of Rashid Khalidi, the distinguished scholar of Middle East and Palestinian history thrust into the 2008 American presidential campaign over slanderous implications about his "association" with Barack Obama.

Israel's Law Declarin Undivided Jerusalem the Nation's Capital
On July 30, 1980, the Israeli Knesset, or Parliament, passed a law annexing East Jerusalem and declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel. Here's the text of the bill.

Briefing: Israeli Settlements and Outposts in the West Bank
A briefing and primer including numbers, population statistics and international law regarding Israel's illegal settlements and outposts in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Occupied Territories

Censoring Israeli and Palestinian Art: Chicago's Spertus Museum Controversy
On June 20, 2008, the Spertus Museum, Chicago's prominent Jewish institution, abruptly ended its "Imaginary Coordinates" exhibit under pressure from its donors. The exhibit had challenged conventions of geography, homelands and map-making. The Spertus Museum controversy would likely not have happened if a Jewish museum in israel had shown the same work.

The Hamas-Israeli Conflict: Background, Primers, FAQs.
The Hamas-Israeli conflict is a sub-plot of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, itself a sub-plot of the larger Arab-Israeli conflict. The Hamas-Israeli conflict especially is complicating prospects of peace between Palestinians and Israelis, not least because Hamas, a militant, Sunni fundamentalist organization, is in conflict with Fatah, the secular Palestinian organization. Hamas doesn't recogni…

Israel and Gaza: A Withdrawal That Did Not End Israel's Occupation of Gaza
In 2005, Israel officially withdrew from the Gaza Strip. But the withdrawal did not end Israel's effective control of the Palestinian territory in all vital regards, thus inflaming Palestinian resentment rather than diffusing it.

Hamas-Israel Truce: Background, Terms and Conditions
On June 17, 2008, Hamas, the militant Palestinian organization, and Israel, announced a six-month truce mediated by Egypt. It's not clear it will hold.

Who Is Gilad Shalit and Why Is Hamas Holding Him Hostage?
Background on Gilad Shalit, the Israeli corporal Hamas captured in a raid in June 2006

What is the PLO - The Palestine Liberation Organization?
Since its creation in 1964, the PLO has gone through several make-overs--from resistance organization to terrorist organization to quasi occupying and governmental force (in Jordan and Lebanon) to close to irrelevance in the late 1990s in the Occupied Territories.

What Is al-Naqba, or al-Nakba - The Catastrophe?
May 14, 1948 marks Israel's declaration of independence. For Palestinians and Arabs, May 14, 1948 marks al-Naqba, or "the Catastrophe"--the day that triggered Palestinian dispossession and forced exile.

What Is the Balfour Declaration?
The Balfour declaration of 1917 was Britain's implicit, but shot-lived, recognition that Jews ought to have a homeland in Palestine.

Glossary: Izz al-Din al-Qassam (1880-1935)
Brief summary of the life of Izz al-Din al-Qassam, founding member of Palestinian resistance against British and Jews during the British mandate over Palestine.

Glossary: Intifada
Definition of Intifada, or uprising, or, literally, "shaking off"--the Palestinian insurgency against Israeli occupation in the West Bank and Gaza.

Glossary: Ta'ayush
Definition of Ta'ayush, the Palestinian-Israeli grass-roots partnership and human rights movement designed to break down the walls of racism and segregation.

Profile: Khaled Mashaal, Leader of Hamas
Khaled Mashaal is the political leader of Hamas, the Sunni Islamist Palestinian organization, and head of its office in Damascus, Syria, from where he operates.

The 1978 PLO Raid on Tel Aviv and Its Consequences
In March 1978, Palestinian militants attacked civilians and battled Israeli forces on the outskirts of Tel Aviv in a bloody raid that set the stage for 30 years of attacks and ineffective, but bloody, reprisals.

Conflicts in Gaza: Causes and Solutions
Hamas has no viable objective to gain by bombing Israel other than to provoke a full-scale war. Israel has no viable objective to respond militarily. The solution to conflicts in Gaza is political.

The Annapolis Summit: Shooting for the Palestinian-Israeli Moon
The summit’s aims are as high as expectations are low. A deal between Israelis and Palestinians would be little short of miraculous. Even is a deal is struck, chances are dispiritingly low that it would be carried out without being hijacked by violent and unresolved realities on the ground, for many reasons.

Bush's Road Map for Peace: Five Years Later
An analysis of George W. Bush's 2002 proposal for peace between Israel and Palestine, five years later: How the Road Map was folded up and put away.

Israel's Separation Barrier in the West Bank
A primer on the separation barrier or security fence Israel is building in the West Bank: Does it reduce attacks? Does it improve the prospects for peace? Is it a land-grab?

Sixty Years of U.S.-Mideast Policy
US-Mideast policies from Harry Truman to George W. Bush: an administration-by-administration breakdown of a troubled history.

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