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March 14 Alliance - Lebanon's Cedar Revolution

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March 14 Alliance - Lebanon's Cedar Revolution

Lebanon's Future Movement logo

Definition: Lebanon's March 14 Alliance is a Sunni-Druze-Christian coalition that takes its name from the date of the Cedar Revolution, when Lebanese took to the streets in Beirut in overwhelming numbers to demand the end of Syrian occupation, which by then had lasted 29 years. The demonstrations were triggered by the assassination of Sunni Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, most likely by Syria, as Hariri had become an open critic of Syrian occupation.

The March 14 Alliance channeled the popular Cedar Revolution movement into a political force in the 2005 parliamentary election, when the coalition won a majority of seats.

The coalition is currently led by the Future Movement, headed by Saad Hariri, billionaire son of Rafik Hariri. Future holds 34 seats out of the 128-seat assembly. Other coalition members include the Druze Progressive Socialist Party led by Walid Jumblatt (14 seats), the right-wing, Maronite Christian Lebanese Forces led by Samir Geagea (five seats) and the so-called Qornet Shehwan Gathering, a group of right-wing Maronite Christian parties (eight seats, though two members of parliament were assassinated).

Free Patriotic Movement leader Michale Aoun, a former renegade military commander, was originally a member of the coalition. He quit in 2006, casting his political lot with the Hezbollah-led March 8 Alliance.

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